Present Tehran is considered to be one of the largest and most populated cities of the world. It has gone through plenty of upheavals in history. Tehran which was no more than a village before is now a metropolis. It was selected as the Capital of Iran in 1200 AH.and since then has been the political, cultural, economical and commercial nucleus of the country. During the past 200 years it has been witness to the rise of reputed scholars, writers, poets and artists, both those who have lived here and those who are currently inhabiting this city which has also helped to develop today’s metropolis into a seat of culture.
Some attraction :
- Golestan palace
- Taabiaat bridge
- Milad tower
- Jamshidieh park
- Darband mountain
- Cable car
- Shopping malls
Iran Carpet Museum, Tehran
This beautifully architectured structure, with the carpet shaped facade is located north west of Laleh Park. The display area covers 3,400 sq. m. and consists of two halls exhibiting carpets and Kilims. It was inaugurated in 1977. Its library is enriched with 3500 books. The collection of carpet museum comprises of samples of Iranian carpets from the 9th century AH. up to this date. About 135 master pieces of Iranian carpets are displayed in the ground floor. The art of carpet weaving in Iran, considering the 2500 year old ‘Pazirik’ which was discovered in southern Siberia in the year1949, dates back to pre-Achaemenian period.
Iran National (Bastan) Museum, Tehran
This National Museum also known as ‘Iran Bastan Museum, covers an area of 2,744 sq. m. and is the first scientific museum of Iran which exhibits relics from the 6th millennium BC till the Islamic era. It was constructed in the year 1935 – 11937. This two storeyedmuseum comprises of halls for speeches, exhibition and a library,etc. In first floor of museum pre-historical and historical relics are displayed. The second floor contains remnants of the Islamic era. The said museum was closed for basic repairs till the year 1987. At the same year it was inaugurated as “National Museum of Iran”. The most valuable pieces displayed here are Qorans from the 3rd-13th century AH, a collection of 61 gold coins from the Samanid and Al-e-Buyeh eras as well as a collection of silver coins belong to theSamanid, Al-e-Buyeh and Qaznavi periods etc. This museum has a collection of books and publications in various languages, in the fields of Iranian art, archeology, history and also literature relative to the neighboring countries.
National Jewelry Museum, Tehran
The background of National Jewels of Iran dates back to Safavid era in which it was decided that national jewels belong to National Treasury of government,i.e., apart from the personal properties of the sovereign. The valuable collections of this museum comprises of the pink colored diamond of Darya-ye-Noor (182 Carats), the Peacock Throne or Takhte Tavous which was built during the reign of Fathali Shah consisted of twelve different pieces (Joined together)and with 26,733 pieces of jewels attached to it. A golden globe (atlas) of Naseredin Shah, with 34 kg of pure gold, having 51,366 pieces of jewels and weighing 3,656 grams. On this golden atlas or globe southeast Asia and Britain have been distinctly defined with diamonds, and India with rubies. Sculptured pieces of turquoise ofFiroozeh and large pearls of the Persian Gulf have also been used to adorn this globe.
Sa’d Abad Palace Museum, Tehran
The aggregate of Sa’d Abad is comprised of about 14 palaces located in the northern most region of Tehran, and enjoys an extremely pleasant climate. Situated in an area of 400 hectares, this aggregate is surrounded by about 180 hectares of natural forests, springs, gardens, greenhouse and avenues covered by trees and flowers. Each of these palaces covered large areas and along with recreational facilities such as pools, lagoons, playgrounds and gardens used to house the immediate family members of the shah.
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